The planet Venus is closest neighbor of Earth. It took the title from the Greek God named Venus and was also known as Evening Star. The planet Venus can be observed after sunset and before sunrise. Venus is the solar system’s 6th largest planet and is closer to the sun than the Earth. It’s the only planet that orbits .
Venus is named Shukra in the ancient Hindu astrology. It was observed from the Babylonians in the ancient 1600BC and was called world Ishtar, the goddess of love and womanhood.
Venus was called the wandering star long before the invention of telescope. The westerners had thought Venus to be two distinct planets in the morning and late afternoon. Phythagoras was the first to find out in the 6th century that the planet was one. He thought that Venus orbited around Earth. Galileo noticed in 17th century that Venus had traits such as the moon.
A Russian genius named Mikhail Lomonosov had first discovered the atmosphere of Venus in 1761. Chester Smith Lyman was the first to detect the ring around dark side of the planet. The atmosphere of Venus is quite dense which causes difficulty for scientists who wanted to know its rotation period.
Venus has some traits that are similar with Earth. Venus contains silicon rocks present on its surface like Earth. The size and make up is very similar to Earth. Moreover, Venus and Earth has the identical core that’s made up of compact iron deposits and the middle of Venus is quite similar to that of Earth. However, its atmosphere is very compact for hosting life. Venus is filled with sulfuric acid clouds and the acute heat dries up all bodies of water. Its surface is a lot hotter than Mercury’s. Vast majority of Venus surface features are inspired from women.
There have been a number of space probe missions to Venus. The first one was that the Russian Venera 1. The first successful spacecraft that came close to Venus was America’s Mariner 2 in 1962.